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Section: Questions   Category: Halacha
  A r c h i v e s
Halacha - Kasherin a keily
Submitted by moty  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: If the KitchenAid was never used for hot food and was also never used with onions or sharp spices, it is satisfactory to clean it well. If it was used for "hot" foods the metal components need to be imersed in boiling water, and I have described the exact procedure other places on this site.
posted:2009-06-29 16:44:18  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Different size challos
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: You hit the nail on the head. While there is a concept to make the day challa bigger, it is not necessary to go hungry by night or to throw away extra challa after the day meal. In my house we have the same issue and generally use the bigger challa at night. Alternatively you could make two small challos for night and eat both of them, and only cut one large challa in the morning.
posted:2009-06-28 02:21:47  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Taking challah before or after freezing dough
Submitted by Ahuva  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: You are correct that either option is acceptable, however I would recommend taking challa before freezing to avoid the risk of forgetting later.
posted:2009-06-22 11:50:06  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - medicine on shabbas
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh

First of all it should be clear that Adderall is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substance Act and is a violation of Federal law to take it without a prescription from a physician. Amphetamines can have serious side effects and lead to addiction, and the Torah does not expect you to significantly risk your health for the sake of learning. I will assume you are taking this potent drug under the consultation of a qualified and reliable doctor.

Regarding Hilchos Shabbos; while generally medicines may not be taken on Shabbos, however this only applies when they are treating an ailment. A pill that is being used to enhance performance is not included in the issur and therefore it seems to be mutar similar to a caffeine pill. However, since Adderall is primarily used to treat ADHD, which may be considered an illness, it is not so clear. An additional lenient factor in your case would be that some Poskim permit taking any medicine for a mitzva, although most do not. Ideally the extended release form of Adderall could be taken before Shabbos begins, and there would be no issues of Hilchos Shabbos.

posted:2009-06-20 16:06:46  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Hearts of Palm
Submitted by Chana  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: Ha'adama. Even though the palm is a tree, since the heart is not the primary fruit of the tree it does not retain the beracha of Ha'etz
posted:2009-06-18 14:53:37  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - kashrus
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: Assuming you are referring to plates and other pottery utensils that only come in contact with food after it has been removed from the pot it was cooked in on the fire, the "bottom line" in Halacha is that it may be used after kashering 3 times in boiling water changing the water between each of the three. However the minhag is not to use ceramics at all, and this should be followed except in case of significant financial loss.
posted:2009-06-11 08:16:45  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Hand washing
Submitted by Ryan  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: When waking in the morning one must wash with water 3 times on each hand alternating hands because or ruach ra. For all the other things you mention it is preferable to wash with water for cleanliness in any manner, but if water is not convenient wiping the hands will suffice.
posted:2009-06-09 22:43:29  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - mikva
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: Assuming you are a married woman finishing the 7 clean days after being a Nidda, you should make every effort to locate the closest reliable mikva even if it is inconvenient. Under extreme circumstances an ocean or other natural body of water may sometimes be used, but there are many detailed Halachos involved and it is not at all recommended.
posted:2009-06-09 08:56:00  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Re: Washing for women and saying brachos
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh

The eyes are not considered to have ruach ra or to be soiled, therefore there is no need to do anything to your hands after touching the eyes. However, you should be careful to wash your hands before touching the eyes to prevent them from being harmed by ruach ra or perspiration.

One may recite Shema under the covers even if not dressed tzniusly, because the sheet covering you is considered like a robe you are wearing.

Although not ideal and lacking in respect for the beracha, it is permitted for a woman to make a beracha even when minimally clothed, as we see each month when she goes to the mikva.

posted:2009-06-08 13:31:23  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Breaking a neder with a mitzvah object
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh

The sukka may still be used despite violating his vow. However he should speak to a Rav knowledgeable in the Halachos of nedarim about the possibility of doing hataras nedarim, as this would negate the serious transgression of violating a vow retroactively. Although generally speaking an oath made to another person may not be negated, there are exceptions to this rule.

posted:2009-06-07 00:34:23  (1) comment   email to a friend

Halacha - kosher oven
Submitted by Barney  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: The grill is dairy, however there are still options how the oven can be used for meat. Ideally the rack should be removed from the oven and thoroughly blowtorched until the entire grill glows, this would render the surface no longer dairy. A simpler option is to carefully clean the grate from any residue of the pizza and to place a sheet of aluminum foil between the dairy grill and the pan of meat. This intervening layer prevents any dairy flavor in the rack from transferring to the pan of meat.
posted:2009-06-04 02:14:31  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - what is and isn't meteameh
Submitted by anonymous  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh
Answer: There are two general reasons why Halacha would require one to wash hands, for cleanliness and for ruach ra. Only ruach ra obligates washing 3 times on each hand alternating hands, for cleanliness they may be washed in any manner and even wiped clean if water is not available. Touching ear wax, mucous from the nose and touching parts of the body usually covered such as the upper arm are issues of cleanliness and do not require washing 3 times. Cutting hair or nails is a problem of ruach ra and one must wash as in the morning.
posted:2009-06-03 09:26:57  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - Minsha Bikurim - unique cases - do they bring/recite?
Submitted by Chaim C  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh

The reason women do not recite when bringing bikurim is because they can not say "the land which You, Hashem have granted me" even if they own land. The Tosafos Yom Tov writes that this Halacha would even apply to Tzlofchad's daughter's because the land was divided to those who departed Mitzraim and they received their portion as an inheritance from their father and not a "grant from Hashem".

Regarding the megadeif, the Mishna says that a convert does not recite unless his mother is Jewish. Since one born to a Jewish mother is not a convert at all, this refers to one who is born Jewish to a father who converted. Since the blasphemer was born before Matan Torah when patrilineal descent was the rule, he would be similar to one today who was born to a Jewish father and non-Jewish mother and converted, and is not considered to have any relationship to either of his parents. Additionally, the Mishna Rishona brings a Tosafos in Bava Basra that even a descendant of a father who is a ger and a Jewish mother still could not recite when bringing bikurim because he has only solved one of the two issues and still has no direct inheritance in the land.

I have not seen anyone comment on the proximity of the two topics, but it seems to me that the juxtaposition of how two different groups handled their challenging family situation led to radically different outcomes. Bnos Tzlofchad who respectfully inquired about constructive options are recorded for history as the initiators of daughters inheriting, while the megadeif who planted his tent without asking and refused to accept Moshe Rabbeinu's psak is recorded in infamy as one of the first recipients of the Torah's death penalty.

posted:2009-05-31 08:18:25  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - clairvoyant
Submitted by dafna  Answered by Rav Peretz Moncharsh

I would need more details exactly what being a clairvoyant entails, but generally speaking communicating with spirits and supernatural means of determining the future are not permitted for a Jew. While she is technically permitted to continue any practice that it not classified as idolatry until she converts, the Beis Din performing the conversion is likely to look unfavorably on her continuing this profession and seriously question her commitment to Jewish values.

posted:2009-05-25 13:11:43  (0) comments   email to a friend

Halacha - home extension
Submitted by michael  Answered by Rav Yehonoson Hool
Answer: Not necessarily. There may be Halachic issues that require their permission. Individual circumstances will dictate the extent to which (if at all) your neighbours have a say in the matter.  A Dayan or Rav knowledgable in these matters should be consulted.
posted:2009-05-22 12:27:14  (0) comments   email to a friend

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